• Module One – Cause and Effects of Objectionable Currents to Sensitive Electronic Equipment, Electrical Interface of Power and IT, Grounding Generators and Transformers, UPS systems, Grounding Electrode Systems, Grounding Performance Fault Current Path, Lightning Protection, Single Point Grounding.
  • Module Two – Basic Terms, Electrical Noise, Shielding of Communications Lines and Circuits, Function of an Electromagnetic Field, Signal to Noise Ratio, Coupling, Equipotential plane, Electrostatic Shielding
  • Module Three – Grounding and Shielding of Instrumentation and Process Controls, Ground Loops, Signal Isolators, Isolation Grounding.
  • Module Four – Ground, Bonding and Shielding of Information Technology, Multiple Separate Grounds, signal Reference Grids.